Energy and Environment


With 60% of Sudan’s population lacking access to electricity, modern, sustainable energy solutions are a key focus area for development, and intrinsically linked to improvements in the provision of basic services like health, education, communications, and safe drinking water.

Drawing on a strong legacy of access to energy initiatives, UNDP Sudan is currently expanding the use of renewable energy solutions to unlock Sudan’s agriculture and economic potential, assist with stabilization, and support development in health, rural livelihoods, and micro- and small-sized enterprises. In parallel, we are exploring new ways to improve access to energy for displaced and vulnerable groups, particularly in temporary or remote locations like refugee camps.

Simultaneously, we are working to safeguard Sudan’s environment, addressing environmental damage and the effects of the changing climate, utilizing best practices to mitigate the impact on ecosystems, and lives, with more than USD 65M of multi-year programming focusing on climate-resilient rural development, livelihoods, and water initiatives underway.

With 65% of Sudan’s population residing in rural areas (many of whom rely on subsistence and traditional farming) and agriculture and livestock providing one-third of Sudan’s GDP, the loss or degradation of natural assets and the livelihoods they create poses a significant risk to Sudan’s development and economic potential; an exacerbating factor for instability and conflict.

Addressing these challenges, through smart investment to build resilience to the most significant environmental threats and generate sustainable livelihoods, can create opportunities - particularly when combined with improved energy access.

Supporting the Ministries of Agriculture, Finance and Economic Planning, and Energy and Petroleum, UNDP has a proven track record in Sudan, through its knowledge and use of innovative financial solutions, climate security work, resilience building, and climate risk financing mechanisms. This is reinforced by policy, legislation, and research support.

Our solutions

  • Engaging closely with the private sector to expand the renewable energy industry in Sudan.
  • Promoting and increasing domestic commercial investment in solar mini-grids for more energy-intensive applications (e.g. cold chain products, ovens, mills, grinders), particularly in rural areas.
  • Providing electricity to health facilities in rural areas via decentralized solar-power systems, improving Sudan’s ability to respond to current and future health crises.
  • Installing solar technology, including streetlights, telecommunications and cooking facilities, in vulnerable areas.
  • Mobilizing national and international resources and facilitating partnerships to ensure climate resilient livelihoods in rural areas, and environmental protection initiatives.
  • Scaling up the adoption of home solar power systems and access in rural communities, utilizing innovative finance mechanisms.
  • Promoting and initiating wind power pilot projects in viable regions.

Achievements in 2020 include:

  • USD25.6M Green Climate Fund grant secured as part of a USD41.2M climate-resilient rural development, livelihoods and water initiative supporting 138 villages in nine states to support 3.7 million Sudanese with livelihoods, and water and food security.
  • Through our Climate Risk Finance and Solar for Agriculture projects, 46,720 people across eight states provided with greater access to water, increased crop yields and/or improved livelihoods.
  • Concluded a successful pilot project for solar-powered water pumps for agricultural irrigation, generating further investment from multiple international organizations in solar agriculture systems, ahead of mass deployment of almost 2,000 pumps in 2021-2022.
  • First ‘Solar Lab’ in Sudan established to provide certification and testing of all solar panel imports.
  • Supported the development of Sudan’s Biennial Report to the UNFCCC and update of the 'Nationally Determined Contribution' in accordance with the Paris Agreement for submission in 2021.
  • Introduced drone-based crop yield monitoring, alongside a mobile-based application to connect farmers and pastoralist to weather forecasts, technical advisories, and market information.
  • 18 automatic weather stations installed to provide timely weather forecasting data for climate-vulnerable farmers.

Read more about our work on climate and environmental protection in Sudan with the Green Climate Fund. (click here for the Arabic version).

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From climate-related livelihoods, and water and food security activities, safeguarding the environment while creating opportunities for development and stability.

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