The Origins of TOKTEN:
The United Nations Development Programme
(UNDP) introduced TOKTEN in 1977 in
Turkey to help reduce adverse effects
of the “Brain-Drain” phenomena
or "reverse transfer of technology"
in many developing countries. TOKTEN
offers a window of opportunity for
expatriate nationals with lengthy
experiences in their fields of specialization
to return to their home countries,
for an agreed period of time and on
voluntarily basis. TOKTEN modality
is considered as an efficient development
intervention as TOKTEN Experts can
merge their acquired learning with
their familiarity of local culture
and language in order to effectively
transfer their knowledge and skills.
TOKTEN has since being expanded to
more than 30 countries including:
India, Pakistan, China, the Philippines,
Poland, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Vietnam,
Lebanon, Syria, Senegal, Nigeria and
other countries. In these countries,
highly skilled expatriate professionals
have provided technical expertise,
policy advice and research to governments,
private and public sectors, universities,
and research centers in various fields
on voluntarily basis.
Establishment of TOKTEN in
In January 2006
building on the favorable policy situation
and increasing political stability
in Sudan, UNDP launched the Transfer
of Knowledge Through Expatriate Nationals
project (TOKTEN). Since then and up
to date, a highly skilled professional
Sudanese Expatriate has been recruited
and helped improvement of the capacity
of many institutional bodies in 10
states of Sudan.
Area of Work:
TOKTEN Project works in line with the United Nations Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF) and the national 5 years strategic development. There are 4 pillars that UNDP programs are folded around:
• Poverty Reduction,
Inclusive Growth and Sustainable Livelihoods.
• Inclusive Governance and Rule
• Social Cohesion, Peace Consolidation
and Peace Dividends.
•Environment, Energy, and Natural Resource Management.
TOKTEN has a database of more than 370 professional Sudanese expatriates who are willing to join TOKTEN. For more information please contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Snapshots of the project's major achievements:
• Recruited 126 expert
(up to 1st January 2013) to provide
institutional capacity building support
for more than 100 government institutions,
universities, and private sector organizations
in North and South Sudan.
• Trained and built the capacity
of more than 3,600 personnel.
trainings covered the following areas:
governance and rule of law; HIV/AIDS
and the health sector; food security;
basic and higher education; public
administration and governance; sustainable
environmental conservation; and economic
development; micro-finance development;
geographic information systems; professional
media training; and public administration
and project management.
•The following chart shows the thematic areas TOKTEN worked in from 2006 up to 1st January 2013
Developed a database that more than 370 professional Sudanese expatriates who are willing to join TOKTEN through
a mission in Sudan.