Marking 50 years of Bringing Prosperity to the People of SudanFeb 25, 2016
Sudan is as a land of vast development opportunities. Protracted conflict however, has left numerous parts of the country in need of immediate development interventions. UNDP has been present in Sudan since 1978, following the signing of the First Standard Basic Assistance Agreement (SBAA) on October 24th 1978.
Over the past 37 years, UNDP has made significant and continuous contributions to improve the welfare of the people of Sudan.
UNDP has been providing sustainable livelihood opportunities and basic services to poor and affected communities across the country by strengthening the resilience of communities to conflict and by countering the effects of climate change; in addition to continuing its work to develop capacities for responsive and democratic institutions.
Most notably, our impact could be presented – but not limited to- the following development interventions:
- UNDP’s successful partnership with the government and other partners (UN agencies, CSO and private sector): The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, TB and Malaria has been supporting Sudan since 2005 by funding HIV/AIDS, TB and Malaria fighting programmers including Health System Strengthening, providing around USD 450m during the past 10 years.
- UNDP work in the climate change adaptation and renewable energy sectors in North Kodorfan, East Sudan and in Darfur which had enormous development impact in rural areas.
- UNDP has worked extensively in the areas of peacebuilding especially with regards to the success of the Disarmament Demobilization and Reintegration (DDR) programme in conflict zones and the provision of livelihood projects in Darfur.
· UNDP also helped generate rapid demand for youth labour using local resources and labor-intensive approaches to contribute to modern infrastructure and utilities in Sudan. Amongst the many sectors which the youth has worked in road works and waste management, and provide linkage to the youth for longer term employment.
· Supported the development of effective, accountable and inclusive rule of formal and informal rule of law institutions. In addition, UNDP has worked towards promoting human rights and enable rights based resolution of land issues.
At present, the country is dealing with major challenges; rapid rural-urban migration, slow economic growth, need for enhanced governance systems in addition to climate change hazards.
46.5% of the population lives below the poverty line. The national Interim Poverty Reduction Strategy (2012) indicates that poverty remains persistent due to inefficient development plans and strategies, reduced public expenditures on basic services and erosion of land and natural resources.
To address these development challenges, and help break the extended spiral of conflict and poverty in Sudan, UNDP is facilitating the peaceful transition from recovery to development in line with national Sudanese priorities.
Building of Resilient Communities
Supporting Livelihoods :
UNDP’s focus on building resilient communities involves supporting livelihoods and sustainable economic growth for the reduction of extreme poverty in Sudan. Our interventions include supporting rural communities through the marketing of agricultural and livestock products, specifically honey, groundnuts, livestock (hides and skins) and hibiscus. Furthermore, UNDP facilitates linkages between lead firms and producer groups through forward purchase agreements and the building of the capacity of local partners, such enable better delivery services along value chains. The project also supports rural communities’ access to financial services, vocational training and provides start up grants for vulnerable women, youth, agro pastoralists, pastoralists, farmers, IDPs and returnees.
Governance and Rule of Law:
UNDP has worked at every level – national, state, and local – to make government work better. Its work involves supporting better local governance, public administration reform, and decentralization and developing the civil service. It also involves strengthening key stakeholder groups such as political parties, media and civil society, including minorities and women and their participation in political processes. All these groups have an investment in supporting better governance and are key components of a functioning democratic society.
In East Sudan for example, UNDP is supporting the state government in planning and distributing resources fairly. This has involved local authorities working with NGOs and the communities in 18 different localities in the states of Kassala and Gedaref to produce Local Development Plans that map out clear objectives and cost calculations though to 2016.
In Darfur , UNDP Sudan is currently working on the provision of a protective environment through improving security and justice service delivery for sustainable peace and development.
Simultaneously, UNDP works on the macro level by supporting policy support in line with national priorities and strategies of line ministries. One of the main areas where UNDP has supported the empowerment of Sudanese capacities is the area of Environment, Energy and Climate Change.
In this regard, UNDP has launched a series of development interventions that aim to strengthen people’s resilience to climate risks including promotion of pro poor value chain , improving livelihoods of the rural people; enhancing access to microfinance in addition to improving disaster risk reduction; conserving biological diversity; and increasing access to green energy.
A) Building Resilience for Adaptation to Climate Change: Focus in on the development of capacities of microfinance institutions to improve credit services to climate risk exposed farmers and pastoralists, while scaling up best practices and lessons learned from the ongoing National Adaptation programme of Action for Climate Change interventions.
B) Environmental Governance Policy and Regulatory Frameworks : This portfolio aims to strengthen environmental governance and community based natural resources management in the national, state and the local level.
C) Promoting Access to Clean and Affordable Renewable Energy: UNDP promotes investment in green energy and enhancing access to sustainable energy through supporting the implementation of the first grid connected wind energy plant in the country and solar pumping for small scale irrigation scheme in rural areas considering past lessons learned and successful replicated experiences.
Partnerships in Sudan :
Our development work would not have been possible without the generous contribution from the following countries :