The protracted conflict in Sudan is complex, involving multiple factors and actors at various levels. The conflict reflects issues of long standing economic disparities, political exclusion and socio-cultural deprivation in the distribution of economic and political power between the center and peripheries.
The genesis of the communal inter and intra-tribal conflicts in Sudan could be seen in - the competition over insufficient and dwindling natural resources; exacerbated by lack of strong governance and rule of law institutions; limited livelihood options and employment opportunities; proliferation of small arms and light weapons; and weak conflict management and resolution institutions. Thus, stabilization and peacebuilding in Sudan is not a stand-alone thematic area, but cross-cutting through all development efforts.
UNDP’s Strategic Plan provides an integrated approach to governance and peacebuilding, closely linked to SDG 16 – Peace, Justice, and Strong Institutions - which reflects the coming together of governance, rule of law, conflict prevention, peace and security.
Rooted in the understanding that conflict prevention and Recovery and Governance and Rule of Law are closely inter-related, UNDP Country Office has re-aligned the former Conflict Prevention & Recovery and the Governance & Rule of Law units in one unit ‘Governance and Stabilization’. This new portfolio aims to promote stabilization and peaceful co-existence across Sudan, focusing primarily on three geographical areas: Darfur, the States bordering South Sudan, and East Sudan and the Sudan as a whole.
In light of the post-World Humanitarian Summit New Way of Working and to deliver on the Agenda 2030 promises to leave no one behind, UNDP works to bridge the gap between humanitarian relief and development with a view to promote durable solutions for sustainable development targeting displaced populations. UNDP Sudan’s durable solutions mechanisms involve supporting conflict management and peacebuilding capacities, creating safety and security through strengthened rule of law and access to justice institutions, support to equal participation and inclusion in public affairs and promoting livelihood opportunities to enhance resilience. This comes in line with UNDP’s role as the global cluster lead on Early Recovery. UNDP reinforces this role further by supporting the inter-agency coordination structures in the humanitarian response plan by co-leading the Recovery, Rehabilitation and Reintegration sector (RRR) to coordinate return and reintegration processes and interventions.