Over the last two decades Sudan has undergone a profound socio-economic and political transformation. The country has set on the path of economic growth and development, while at the same time responding to emergencies and crises in its various regions. Within this context, the international aid community has continued to assist the country in addressing the concurrent development and humanitarian agendas. The focus has, for various reasons, remained primarily on the short-term humanitarian assistance interventions, while the longer-term development assistance interventions have been gaining pace only gradually.
The operations of many of the UN agencies, funds and programmes present in Sudan feature among the biggest globally. Although a significant portion of their operational activities remain within the humanitarian umbrella of the UN and Partners Work Plans, which are increasingly geared towards durable solutions, the focus of the UN system’s engagement in the country is shifting towards the developmental and stabilization agendas and activities. The adoption of the 2013-2016 United National Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF), outlining the agreed Government-UN developmental priorities across the whole Sudan, is an important milestone in this shift.
The United Nations Coordination Support Office (CSO), formerly known as the Resident Coordinator’s Office (RCO), serves the Resident Coordinator and the United Nations Country Team (UNCT) by supporting the sub-committees and various Working Groups of the UNCT in an effort to strengthen the streamlined coordination of the UN at operational, programmatic and strategic levels.
The CSO seeks to focus and align its activities according to 5 overarching objectives which are (i) to help strengthening a coherent and effective coordination system, with an emphasis on transition to recovery and development, informed by the UNDAF; (ii) to support and guide the harmonization, coherence and effectiveness of the UNCT’s operations; (iii) to engage in and strengthen partnerships, advocacy and outreach approaches; (iv) to enhance the aid management system and (v) to provide direct, efficient and reliable support to the Resident Coordinator (RC) in the fulfillment of his responsibilities.
The United Nations in Sudan is comprised of 21 Specialized Agencies, Funds and Programmes (AFPs) in addition to two Peace Keeping Missions, the United Nations African Union Hybrid Mission in Darfur (UNAMID) and the United Nations Interim Security Forces for Abyei (UNISFA). UNDSS is also represented in Sudan.
- UNDP:The United Nations Development Programme provides policy advice, technical support, advocacy and contributions to strengthen human development including real improvement in the lives of Sudanese people. UNDP supports strategic capacity development, through partnership with national, sub-national government and civil society, to promote inclusive, transparent and efficient governance system.
- OCHA: Works with the Humanitarian Aid Commission (HAC) and other concerned government counterparts to address and facilitate humanitarian needs in Sudan that continue to be driven by a cycle of conflict, displacement and vulnerbility.
- UNAIDS: Supports Sudan bringing together co-sponsors to harmonize the UN support to the HIV response and aligning it with national priorities to acheive the three Zero's: Zero new HIV infections, Zero AIDS-related Death and Zero Discrimination.
- UNEP: The United National Enivorment Programme supports the federal and state governements, the Darfur Regional Authority, community groups and National and International Non Profit Organizations to implement projects with practical benefits.The core themes of UNEP work include an integrated approach to the management of water resources, adaptation to the impact of climate change, support to pastoralist livelihoods, sustainable use of Sudan’s forest resources and community based natural resource management.
- UNFPA: UNFPA seeks to reduce maternal mortality by strengthening reproductive health services, addressing social factors affecting maternal health and gender equality and focusing on prevention of harmful traditional practices such as early marriage and Female Genital Mutilation. In addtion , UNFPA provides support to youth organizations and networks to enhance youth participation.
- UNHABITAT: The United Nations Human Settlements Organization in Sudan is working on urban and regional planning approaches, tools and methodology and land conflict management.In Eastern Sudan for example UNHABITAT promotes equitable access to sustainable basic services through rapid and tangible interventions and effective involvement of NGOs, Community-based Organizations (CBOs) and local administrations, building on their capacities to rehabilitate and sustain community services. Whereas in Khartoum , UNHABITAT supports eradicating urban poverty through effective urban planning and pro - poor policies.
- UNHCR: The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) works with the Commissioner for Refugees to protect and assist refugees and asylum-seekers in Khartoum, Darfur and the East.
The Office’s activities also aim at preventing statelessness and
respond to the protection and assistance needs of internally displaced persons (IDPs) through the inter-agency coordination mechanism. In particular, UNHCR strives to ensure refugees and asylum-seekers have access to asylum procedures and are provided with documentation.
- UNICEF: The United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) works
with National and International NGOs, other UN agencies to
support the Government of Sudan at Federal and State levels,
respond to chronic under-development issues, protracted and new emergencies by providing a more equitable access to basic services for all children while also protecting the fundamental rights of all children.
- UNMAS: The United Nations Mine Action Services in Sudan provides technical assistance to mine action programme through technical support to the National Mine Action Center (NMAC). UNMAS supports NMAC in Operations and Quality Assurance, Mine Risk Education, Victim Assistance and Resource Mobilization.
- UNOPS: The United Nations Office for Project Services in Sudan supports the Government and international partners in humanitarian, recovery and development initiatives. In Darfur, UNOPS provides water sector infrastructure and related capacity building services in a joint programme in support of UNEP’s Integrated Water Resource
- UNWOMEN: The United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Women Empowerment (UN Women) has been active since 2006, and works in partnership with the Ministry of Welfare and Social Security, civil society organizations, academic institutions, UN Agencies and other national and international partners. The development objective for 2013 is Consolidating Efforts that Contribute to Gender Equality and Women’s Empowerment in Sudan in 5 focus areas : women’s participation in governance, the integration of gender equality priorities into peace building initiatives, the implementation of strategies and mechanisms for ending violence against women, gender responsive budgeting and women’s economic empowerment.
- WFP: The World Food Programme (WFP) plans to assist approximately 4 million people in Sudan in 2013, of whom around 3
million are in Darfur and 1 million are in Central, Eastern States as well as in the Three Areas of Abyei, the Blue Nile and South Kordofan States. WFP continues to provide Humanitarian Air Services
(UNHAS) to ensure provision of safe, reliable and cost efficient air transport services to the humanitarian community in Sudan.
- FAO: The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) works to raise
levels of nutrition and standards of living, to improve agricultural
productivity and to improve the condition of rural populations
by supporting emergency situations through an integrated
Food Security Programme, a Food Security Policy and a Strategy Capacity Building Programme.
- UNESCO: The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization in Sudan focuses on capacity building, economic and social development and advocacy.
- UNIDO: The United Nations Industrial Development Organization in Sudan has sizable portfolia in Techincal Cooperation (TC) activities. UNIDO’s mandate in Sudan is to promote and accelerate sustainable industrial development by generating and disseminating industry-related knowledge and providing technical support on poverty reduction, inclusive globalization and environmental sustainability.
- WHO: The World Health Organization (WHO) is the Government of Sudan’s technical partner in all issues related to health. WHO supports the following main programmes: Communicable disease surveillance and response, Control of neglected tropical diseases, Emergency preparedness and humanitarian action, Expanded Programme on Immunization, Health Protection, Promotion and Community Development, Polio Eradication Initiative and Stop Tuberculosis.
- UNDSS: The United Nations Department of Safety and Security
(UNDSS) ensures the safety and security of all UN Personnel, to enable the safest and most efficient conduct of the programmes and activities of the UN in Sudan.
UN Missions in Sudan:
- UNAMID: The United Nations/African Union Mission in Darfur
(UNAMID) protects civilians, facilitates humanitarian aid and helps the political process in Darfur. UNAMID monitors and verifies the implementation of agreements, provides an inclusive political process and contributes to the promotion of human rights and the rule of law. Additionally, UNAMID monitors and reports on the situation along the borders with Chad and the Central African Republic.
- UNISFA: The United Nations Interim Security Force for Abyei
(UNISFA) is responsible for demilitarizing and monitoring peace in the disputed Abyei Area. The operation monitors the border between Sudan and South Sudan.
Other International Agencies working in Sudan :
- IOM: The International Organization for Migration (IOM) provides assistance for the return and reintegration of Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs), tracking and monitoring both IDPs and returnees in Darfur, South Kordofan, Blue Nile, Khartoum and White Nile States. IOM
leads on the advocacy, fundraising and planning for assistance to
returnees throughout Sudan
- IFAD: The International Fund for Agricultural Development targets areas in which poor rural people are concentrated.
- IMF: The Interantional Monetary Fund in Sudan undertakes economic analysis and provides policy advice aimed at assisting the Government of Sudan in achieving and maintaining macroenocomic stability. In addition, it assists through capacity building and technical assistance in public financial management, central banking activities and statistics.
- The World Bank: The World Bank (WB) is the administrator of the Sudan National Multi-Donor Trust Fund (MDTF-NS) on behalf of ten donors, whose contributions amount to USD 265 million. The MDTF-NS investments have been robust in key areas including health, education, capacity building, policy reform, agriculture and decentralized service delivery.