Stabilization of Livelihoods through Creation of Youth Employment in Eastern Sudan

About the Project

East Sudan is among the Sudanese states hardest hit the poverty where around 52.6% of the 4.5 million population lives below the poverty line, 60% of them are Youth. The Youth unemployment is one of the major challenges in the region. Youth are trapped in a vicious cycle of poverty, unemployment and illiteracy. The lack of livelihood opportunities puts them at a high risk of being involved in violent acts, radicalized movements or illegal activities such as human trafficking, smuggling, etc. This is especially true for ex-combatants and former child-soldiers. It is a situation that proliferates the pressure and increases the high potential of tension in the region. Therefore, there is a critical need to develop the youth’s capacities to upgrade their employability, and to ensure access to short and long term jobs to become self-reliant. Hence, providing alternative employment opportunities for these young groups and creating rewarding jobs will stabilize the situation and prevent potential violence.

Acknowledging the serious youth unemployment challenge in East Sudan, ‘Stabilization of Livelihoods through Creation of Youth Employment in Eastern Sudan’ Project aims to support the stabilization of livelihoods through the creation of sustainable employment and earning opportunities for youth who are at risk of radicalization and involvement in violent and/ or illicit actions in the three States of Eastern Sudan (Red Sea, Kassala & Gedarif).

In the process of addressing emerging needs Eastern Sudan, UNDP gave priority and focus to find practical and effective ways of addressing the many root causes and achieve greater social cohesion and equitable development. In this context, the ‘Stabilization of Livelihoods through Creation of Youth Employment in Eastern Sudan’ Project is using a new innovative employment creation methodology, the "3x6 Approach for Sustainable Employment Creation" tackling the root causes of instability through addressing the youth unemployment as the most challenging issue facing Eastern Sudan, while also contributing to creating stabilization and building resilience.

The approach has been designed and framed into three building blocks and organizing principles – inclusiveness, ownership and sustainability – and six (6) discrete steps – enrolment, rapid income generation, saving, joint venturing, investing and expanding markets.

Phase 1 Inclusiveness - income generation and building of capital by youth through rapid employment activities. During this first phase (2-6 month), participants receive business development training twice a week in complement to their income-generating activity (e.g. public works). Half - two thirds of the income will be saved and deposited into saving accounts at micro-finance institutions.

Phase 2 Ownership – begins during the period of temporary employment, individuals are encouraged to initiate a business plan, or to form a group with others in joint ventures for the implementation of a sustainable economic activity.

Phase 3 Sustainability - the individual’s/group’s saved capital is tripled through a grant. A feasibility study will confirm that any proposed project ideas are economically viable and access to a local market is ensured. UNDP thus provides micro-SME’s with investment support and facilitates market expansion.


  • Least advantaged young community members (Youth, Women, People exposed to economic shocks) are engaged in rapid employment opportunities and income generating activities.
  • Least advantaged young community members are economically empowered to start their micro or small businesses.
  • Least advantaged young community members have increased access to markets and financial resources for sustainable businesses


 2,000,000 $ from Japan Supplementary Fund
 150,000 $ from UNDP

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