Fighting HIV/AIDS in Sudan
About the project
The overall aim of UNDP’s HIV/AIDS work in Sudan was focused on reducing HIV transmission and HIV mortality. Recent research suggests that HIV/AIDS continues to spread in Sudan with the prevalence of HIV/AIDS likely to reach 1.2 per cent of the population by 2015, almost double what it was in 2009.
UNDP has a two-fold strategy in dealing with this challenge. The first is to increase the availability of HIV/AIDs facilities nationwide and the second is to target the high risk and vulnerable populations that are statistically most likely to be at risk of infection.
The project to improve and expand the national response to HIV/AIDS has included the expansion of voluntary and confidential counseling and testing facilities; an increased access to condoms through free distribution and social marketing amongst target populations; ensuring that more than eighty percent of blood transfusions in government hospitals are from non-remunerated voluntary donors; and that people living with HIV and Aids receive care and support.
Research shows that HIV is concentrated among high risk populations in Sudan. Therefore UNDP, is specifically running a programme to target those most at risk. This means improving access and the take up of services aimed at preventing mother-to-child transmission, as well as to other existing treatment and care services.
Achievements to date
As a result of the programme to expand and improve the HIV/AIDS response nationwide, HIV testing, counseling and treatment facilities are now available in all of Sudan’s states. The number of sites able to carry out this testing increased from 132 in 2009, to 279 by 2012. Almost one hundred and ten of these sites also provide treatment to prevent mother-to-child transmission and over thirty of them now offer life-saving antiretroviral treatments. This programme has expanded rapidly in recent years.
In 2012 alone, communications campaigns aimed at encouraging a change in people’s behaviour, reached over 2,132,827 people from the general population and 790,313 people in high risk, vulnerable and youth populations. More than 195,900 people have completed the testing and counseling process. Some 5,532 people with advanced HIV infection are receiving Anti Retroviral combination therapy. While the programme aimed at targeting those most at risk, in 2012 provided counseling and testing to over 60 000 people; reached 4,487 people through peer education; and trained over two hundred and ninety specialized health care providers.