Transfer of Knowledge Through Expatriate Nationals (TOKTEN)

About the projects


The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) introduced TOKTEN in 1977 in Turkey to help reduce adverse effects of the “Brain-Drain” phenomena or "reverse transfer of technology" in many developing countries. TOKTEN offers a window of opportunity for expatriate nationals with lengthy experiences in their fields of specialization to return to their home countries, for an agreed period of time and on voluntarily basis. TOKTEN modality is considered as an efficient development intervention as TOKTEN Experts can merge their acquired learning with their familiarity of local culture and language in order to effectively transfer their knowledge and skills.

In January 2006, building on the favorable policy situation and increasing political stability in Sudan, UNDP launched the Transfer Of Knowledge Through Expatriate Nationals project (TOKTEN). Since then and up to date, a highly skilled professional Sudanese Expatriate has been recruited and helped improvement of the capacity of many institutional bodies in 10 states of Sudan.

Achievements to date

TOKTEN experts have supported numerous Sudanese institutions in various ways of capacity development including training, development of systems etc. the most notable outputs include:

  • The Criminal Justice Information System for the Ministry of Interior.
  • Producer price index developed for the first time in the Sudan under the auspices of National Bureau of Statistics
  • Large coverage of awareness of the importance of Prevention of Mother to child transmission of HIV/AIDS (PMTCT) especially in Kassala.
  • Successful introduction of Nanotechnology for environmental solution to the country
  • Successful development of an e-library in Ahfad University for women

In addition to the outputs listed above the project has made the following achievements:

  • Recruited 136 experts (up  to 1st December 2013) to provide institutional capacity building support for more than 100 government institutions, universities, and private sector organizations in North Sudan.
  • Trained and built the capacity of more than 5,892 personnel. The trainings covered the following areas: governance and rule of law; HIV/AIDS and the health sector; education; public administration and governance; sustainable environmental conservation; and economic development; micro-finance development; geographic information systems; professional media training; and public administration and project management.
  • Creation of a database housing over 500 credentials of professionals who are willing and ready to take assignment to the country at the appropriate time. This has made the supply side of the expert more accessible to the project and the requesting Sudanese institutions.
    By far the most important achievement of TOKTEN project is the nationalistic feeling created in the Diasporas experts. Most of those who take assignments through the project see this as an opportunity to pay back some of the national debt they owe to the country for educating them. This feeling coupled with the government’s acknowledgement of the project as strategic to its human resource development efforts provides incentive for the sustainability of TOKTEN project.


Donor Funds(USD)
NET 240,405
DFID 487,439
UNDP 1,787,125



Year Delivery(USD)
2013 136,172
2012 318,619
2011 304,767
2010 181,496
2009 400,460
2008 183,574
2007 184,862
2006 317,284


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