6 Ensure environmental sustainability
Where we are?
• Sudan is endowed with huge and diversified natural resources, fertile land, natural forests, fresh water, biodiversity, wild and domestic animal stock and marine ecosystems. The faces numerous environmental problems including: desertification and land degradation, water pollution, deforestation, soil erosion and deterioration in biodiversity.
• Deterioration in biodiversity and pressures on habitats are growing with more areas opened to development and investors. The impact of petroleum prospecting, drilling and transport on habitats, especially that of produced water on migratory birds is very disturbing.
• According to Sudan House Hold Survey SHHS 2010, almost 60.1% of the households in Sudan have access to improved drinking water sources (66.6% in urban and 57.7% in rural areas). Wealth index disaggregation also showed that only 61.5% of the poorest have access to improved drinking water compared to 92.8% among the richest. State disparities were also present; it reached 91% in Northern state, followed by Gazira and Khartoum states at 79.2% and 72.9% respectively. The lowest access was reported in Red Sea (27.4%).
• According to SHHS 2010, shares of 27.1% of the households in Sudan have access to improved sanitation (46.9% in urban and 17.9% in rural areas). Wealth index disaggregation also showed that only 2% of the poorest have access to improved drinking water compared to 69.8% among the richest. State disparities were also present; it reached 73.5% in Northern state, followed by Khartoum states at 51.3%. The lowest access was reported in Blue Nile (5.3%).
UNDP's work in Sudan
In the highly arid ecosystems in the northern part of the country lies River Nile state. Under the National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA) framework in the state, More
The 8 Millennium Development Goals
- 1 Eradicate extreme hunger and poverty
- 2 Achieve universal primary education
- 3 Promote gender equality and empower women
- 4 Reduce child mortality
- 5 Improve maternal health
- 6 Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases
- 7 Ensure environmental sustainability
- 8 Develop a global partnership for development
Targets for MDG7
- Integrate the principles of sustainable development into country policies and programmes; reverse loss of environmental resources
- Reduce biodiversity loss, achieving, by 2010, a significant reduction in the rate of loss
- Proportion of land area covered by forest and proportion of species threatened with extinction
- CO2 emissions, total, per capita and per $1 GDP (PPP)
- Consumption of ozone-depleting substances
- Proportion of fish stocks within safe biological limits
- Proportion of total water resources used
- Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected
- Reduce by half the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation
- Proportion of population using an improved drinking water source
- Proportion of population using an improved sanitation facility
- Achieve significant improvement in lives of at least 100 million slum dwellers, by 2020
- Proportion of urban population living in slums