6 Improve maternal health
Where we are?
• The most recent survey (Sudan House Hold Survey SSHS 2010) estimated maternal mortality rate (216/100.000 LB) at national level (225/100,000 rural and 194/100,000 urban).
• Delivery by trained personnel in Sudan stood at 72% (89% urban & 66 rural) in 2010 compared with 57% in 2006.
• Contraceptive prevalence rate is very low in Sudan. The most recent survey shows that only 9% of currently married women are using any form of contraceptive.
• The total fertility rate was estimated at 5.6 in 2010 SHHS while it was 5.1 births per woman (SHHS 2006) with marked differences between urban and rural areas.
UNDP's work in Sudan
On a balmy Wednesday afternoon in the “North Darfur Midwifery Training Centre” in El Fasher, thirty young women listen attentively to Reproductive Health Tutor Hawa Osman Ushak, as she discusses the necessity of sanitation when delivering a baby. Photo by: Ariel Rubin, UNDP.more
The 8 Millennium Development Goals
- 1 Eradicate extreme hunger and poverty
- 2 Achieve universal primary education
- 3 Promote gender equality and empower women
- 4 Reduce child mortality
- 5 Improve maternal health
- 6 Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases
- 7 Ensure environmental sustainability
- 8 Develop a global partnership for development
Targets for MDG 5
- Reduce by three quarters the maternal mortality ratio
- Most maternal deaths could be avoided
- Giving birth is especially risky in Southern Asia and sub-Saharan Africa, where most women deliver without skilled care
- The rural-urban gap in skilled care during childbirth has narrowed
- Achieve universal access to reproductive health & inadequate funding for family planning is a major failure in fulfilling commitments to improving women’s reproductive health
- More women are receiving antenatal care
- Inequalities in care during pregnancy are striking
- Only one in three rural women in developing regions receive the recommended care during pregnancy
- Progress has stalled in reducing the number of teenage pregnancies, putting more young mothers at risk
- Poverty and lack of education perpetuate high adolescent birth rates
- Progress in expanding the use of contraceptives by women has slowed & use of contraception is lowest among the poorest women and those with no education