6 Eradicate extreme hunger and poverty
Where we are
• The incidence of poverty in Sudan stood at 46.5%. This means that almost one out of two Sudanese does not have the necessary means to purchase the value of a minimum food and non-food bundle. Poverty levels vary greatly by state. The incidence of poverty ranges from a quarter of the population in the capital to more than two thirds of the population in Northern Darfur. The poverty gap ratio and the poverty severity index stood at 16.2% and 7.8% %, respectively. This signifies how deep and severe poverty is in North Sudan.
• The incidence of poverty ranges from a little over a quarter of the population in the capital (Khartoum) to more than two thirds of the population in Northern Darfur.
• About 44.8% of the population of North Sudan are consuming below food poverty line of 69 SDG per month. Food poverty index is higher in rural (55%) than urban areas (28%).
• The overall inequality measured by Gini coefficient is estimated at 0.353 which is quite moderate compared to countries with similar level of development in SSA and the Middle East. Though there is disparity in income between rural and urban areas, there is no significant difference in the magnitude of the Gini Coefficient for rural (0.331) and urban (0.329) areas. While Gini coefficient is 0.31 in Northern Region, it is 0.38 in Darfur and 0.36 in Kordofan indicating poverty reduction will be difficult in regions with high income inequality such as Darfur and Kordofan.
• Employment-to-population rate stood at 31.06% and unemployment rate stood at 17%. Youth (15-24) unemployment rate stood at 25.4%.
• The nutrition situation in Sudan is poor, characterized by high levels of underweight and chronic malnutrition, as well as persistently elevated levels of acute malnutrition. Nationally, one third (32.2%) of children under the age of five years in Sudan is moderately or severely underweight
UNDP's work in Sudan
South Darfur is known as a troubled region beset by years of endemic conflict, poverty, destruction of natural resources, and deterioration of livelihoods. However, the land is also a dynamic region that defies its popular conception as intractably and inevitably conflict-riddenMore
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A NAPA consultant from UNDP gives guidance to a Sorghum producing local farmer in Balouk village, River Nile state (photos by: Mohamed Bashir) More
The 8 Millennium Development Goals
- 1 Eradicate extreme hunger and poverty
- 2 Achieve universal primary education
- 3 Promote gender equality and empower women
- 4 Reduce child mortality
- 5 Improve maternal health
- 6 Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases
- 7 Ensure environmental sustainability
- 8 Develop a global partnership for development
Targets for MDG1
- Reduce by half the proportion of people living on less than a dollar a day
- Proportion of population below $1 (PPP) per day
- Poverty gap ratio
- Share of poorest quintile in national consumption
- Achieve full and productive employment and decent work for all, including women and young people
- Growth rate of GDP per person employed
- Employment-to-population ratio
- Proportion of employed people living below $1 (PPP) per day
- Proportion of own-account and contributing family workers in total employment
- Reduce by half the proportion of people who suffer from hunger
- Prevalence of underweight children under-five years of age
- Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption